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Your Fight is Our Fight

Medical Oncology

Diagnosing & treating cancer in adults using chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, biological therapy and targeted therapy.

Medical Oncology

Why It's Done

A medical oncologist often is the main health care provider that will treat your cancer. A medical oncologist also gives supportive care and may coordinate treatment given by other specialists. You oncologist and your cancer care team may determine and recommend the use of medicine to help battle your cancer. These include:


Chemotherapy is the term used to describe cancer-killing drugs and is used to cure cancer, shrink cancer, prevent cancer from spreading and also to relieve symptoms caused by the disease. Depending on your type of cancer, chemotherapy can be administered in different manners, including shots into muscles, under the skin, in an artery or vein, pills taken orally or a combination. The length of your chemotherapy treatment is carefully determined by your doctor.


Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that relies on the body's infection-fighting system (immune system). Through the use of substances made by the body or in a lab to help the immune system work harder or in a more targeted way to fight cancer. This helps your body get rid of cancer cells. Immunotherapy works by slowing the growth of cancer cells, preventing them from spreading, and boosting your immune system’s ability to fight off the cancer cells.

Hormone Therapy

Hormone therapy uses a combination of drugs and treatments to lower the levels, or block the action, of estrogen and progesterone in females, aiding in slowing the growth of many breast cancers. Hormone therapy has been proven to reduce the likelihood of the cancer returning following surgery.

Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy uses drugs to stop cancer growth and spread. It does so with less harm to normal cells than other treatments. Targeted therapy drugs work in a few different ways, including turning off the process in cancer cells that cause them to grow, triggering cells to die on their own, and directly killing cancer cells.

How to Prepare

Your oncologist and team will guide your through the planning process, answer your questions and give you input on what to expect going forward. We encourage all our patients to ask questions. You can also ask a family member or friend to accompany you so that you have their support as well. You care plan is uniquely tailored to you and your goals. 

What to Expect

Your oncologist will take the time to speak with you about the drugs you will receive and potential side effects of your treatment. It's not uncommon to feel fatigued following your treatment. We highly recommend resting the following day. It not only helps you, but gives your body a chance to respond to the treatment as well as begin its recovery.  

The length of your treatment session is determined by your doctor after careful consideration of your unique case. 

Meet Robert

Never before have I had such an appreciation for everyone in my life as I do now. In the summer of 2015, I began feeling more and more tired and could not even mow my entire lawn. I went to my doctor and after some blood work, a CT scan and a biopsy, I was diagnosed with stage IV colon cancer which had quickly metastasized to my liver.

See Robert's Journey

News, Advice & Stories

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Sep 16, 2020

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Andrew Lim, MD, medical director of emergency medicine at Bristol Health, discusses on NBC Connecticut how COVID-19 affected hospital emergency departments across the state and why continuing to receive your routine care is important during the pandemic.

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Jul 15, 2020

Bristol Health earns Silver Recognition from ENA

Bristol Health has become the first healthcare system in the state to earn a Silver Recognition, achieving the feat in the 2020 ExcellenceNorth Alliance (ENA) Baldrige-based Awards and Recognition.

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Jun 19, 2020

Bristol Health Changing The Focus Of Its COVID-19 Specimen Collection

Effective Saturday, June 20, Bristol Health will be converting its COVID-19 specimen collection to a model that concentrates on Bristol Health patients.

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May 04, 2020

Coronavirus survivor, 34-weeks pregnant, receives heartfelt goodbye

Nicole Nolan has become Bristol Hospital’s latest coronavirus survivor. Nolan, who is 34 weeks pregnant, was discharged from the hospital Friday.

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